What is ESL?
ESL stands for English as a Second Language. Students who qualify for ESL services are in regular English-only classes for most of the day. During part of the day, these students receive extra instruction in English. This extra instruction is specialized curriculum designed to assist students as they acquire the English language.
How do students qualify for ESL services?
When families register at Lincoln Charter Schools, they receive a form entitled, “Home Language Survey.” This survey has questions relating to the language spoken in their home and by the student. If the form lists a language other than English, the student is screened by the ESL teachers to find out if the student is in need of ESL services. The test used to screen the students is called the W-APT.
Another way for a student to qualify for ESL services is for the student to enter our school with paperwork already stating that the student was in an ESL program in a previous district that meets Pennsylvania’s criteria for receiving ESL services.
What is W-APT?
The W-APT(WIDA-ACESS Placement Test) is an approved test by the Pennsylvania Department of Education to screen students for the need of ESL services. The test measures English Language Proficiency in the areas of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Lincoln Charter Schools uses the W-APT and other criteria to determine whether or not a student qualifies for ESL services.
What are the six levels of English Proficiency?
What are the ESL standards in Pennsylvania?
Standard One: English language learners communicate in English for SOCIAL and INSTRUCTIONAL purposes within the school setting.
Standard Two: English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Language Arts.
Standard Three: English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Mathematics.
Standard Four: English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Science.
Standard Five: English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies.
What does research say about how many years it will take for a student to become English proficient?
A student will learn to speak conversational language (speaking with friends at lunch and recess) within 2-3 years. This is called Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS). A student will learn language used in the classroom (academic language such as science vocabulary) within 5-7 years. This is called Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP). Students will progress at their own pace and become English Proficient at different intervals of time.
What happens after a student exits the ESL program?
After a student exits the program, the student is monitored for 2 years to ensure the student makes academic progress. If a student begins to experience difficulty due to language, the student can re-enter the ESL program.